Alcohol and drug withdrawal centers deal with all aspects of detox treatment, from the early stages of intervention to the later stages of medication therapy. Alcohol and drug withdrawal facilities enable drug dependent people to stop drug intake in a safe and supportive environment, with medications prescribed to alleviate symptoms and medical staff on hand when they are needed. Alcohol and drug withdrawal does not necessarily treat the precedents of drug addiction. Behavioral therapies and counseling are also required to ensure long-term recovery.
Call Dallas Drug Treatment Centers now at (214) 453-5663 for help finding treatment facilities that meet all your recovery needs.
What is Withdrawal?
Alcohol and drug withdrawal is the set of symptoms that occur when a drug dependent person stops drug intake. Also known as the withdrawal syndrome, this process includes both physical-somatic and emotional-motivational withdrawal symptoms.
Medical detox is the process and experience of a withdrawal syndrome under medical supervision, with most detox programs taking place before formal drug rehabilitation treatment. Withdrawal can only be experienced by people with a physical or mental dependence, with some drugs producing noticeable physical symptoms upon discontinuation and others having more of a psychological effect.
Heroin is a potent opioid analgesic drug widely taken for its euphoric qualities. It is an incredibly addictive substance with a severe physical withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use, with typical symptoms including sweating, cramps, depression, insomnia, muscle aches, involuntary body movements, vomiting, nausea, irritability and much more.
Heroin withdrawal requires careful medication and management through recognized drug detox clinics, with around-the-clock prescriptions and medical support often required to prevent relapse. Long-term and treatment-resistant heroin users may also require ongoing opiate replacement therapy, with methadone or buprenorphine often prescribed on an indefinite basis to reduce the risks associated with heroin use.
The alcohol withdrawal syndrome can be dangerous and even fatal if not treated properly, with severe physical symptoms often experienced and medications used to manage the detox process. The prolonged and excessive consumption of alcohol leads to tolerance and withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of use, due mostly to the hyper-excitable central nervous system as it responds to lack of alcohol.
Typical withdrawal symptoms include headaches, shaking, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, mental confusion, hallucinations, tremors, agitation, seizures and delirium tremens. A protracted withdrawal phase is also possible in extreme cases, with symptoms lasting for months or even years after alcohol intake is stopped. The alcohol withdrawal syndrome is often treated with benzodiazepine drugs such as Valium and Serax, with anticonvulsants and antipsychotics also used in some situations.
While cocaine is not physically addictive in the same way as heroin or alcohol, regular use of the drug does cause tolerance and withdrawal symptoms. Common withdrawal symptoms include depression, anxiety, mood swings, irritability, paranoia, insomnia, drug cravings, exhaustion, itching, fatigue, nausea and vomiting.
Some cocaine users also experience symptoms similar to schizophrenia when they stop using the drug, with the feeling of bugs crawling under the skin also noted in a symptom known as formication. The cocaine withdrawal syndrome can last anywhere from a couple of days to a few weeks, with the severity of symptoms related to the length and extent of addiction.
There are a range of medications on the market taken to ease cocaine withdrawal symptoms, including acetylcysteine, baclofen, bupropion, vanoxerine and vigabatrin. While a medical detox period is not always necessary in cases of cocaine abuse, long-term addicts and those with a history of addiction are always advised to enter an intensive residential program. Behavioral therapy and counseling may also be required to treat the precedents of cocaine addiction, with relapse prevention and aftercare programs also important to ensure long-term recovery.
If you or someone you know is suffering from drug or alcohol withdrawal, it is imperative to seek professional help. Dallas Drug Treatment Centers can assist you in finding alcohol and drug withdrawal centers that will give you the resources you need to start a new, healthier life. Call (214) 453-5663 today to get started.