Prescription drug abuse is a huge problem in modern American society, with an estimated 52 million people having misused prescription medications at some point in their lifetime.
Prescription drug abuse involves the over use and misuse of various legal medications, with the three most commonly abused classes of prescription drugs being opioids, central nervous system (CNS) depressants and stimulants. Prescription drug abuse is dealt with in a similar way to alcoholism or illicit drug abuse, with a possible period of detox followed by ongoing behavioral therapy and relapse prevention programs.
Prescription drug abuse includes a wide range of abusive behaviors, with common examples including the over use of medications, the combination of medications, taking other people's medications, purchasing prescriptions and medications on the black market, and using different methods of administration than intended.
This condition affects people from all walks of life, with people who have never used illegal drugs in their life still at risk of becoming dependent. Commonly abused prescription drugs include Xanax, Valium, Vicodin, Oxycontin, Dilaudid, Adderall, Ritalin and Concerta.
If you or a loved one are suffering from addiction and substance abuse, call Dallas Drug Treatment Centers at (214) 453-5663 to find out about treatment options that can help.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, 52 million Americans have used prescription drugs for non-medical reasons at some point during their life. There are an estimated 8.76 million current prescription drug abusers, with 5.1 million abusing opioid painkillers, 2.2 million abusing CNS depressants, and 1.1 million abusing stimulants.
54.2 percent of people obtain drugs free from friends and family members, with 18.1 percent getting drugs from a single doctor, 16.6 percent purchasing or taking drugs from friends or relatives, and 3.9 percent getting drugs from a dealer. Over 75 percent of the world's prescription drugs are consumed by Americans, who represent just 5 percent of the global population.
Opioid painkillers are the most commonly abused class of prescription medications. Taken legally to treat acute pain and certain chronic pain conditions, opioids are also widely abused and sometimes available on the black market. Taken for their pain relief and euphoric qualities, opioids create tolerance and dependence over time.
Opioid drugs are incredibly addictive, both physically and psychologically, with an extensive detoxification and treatment regime often required for patients to overcome their addiction. Opiate replacement therapy is a particular type of treatment offered to long-term opioid addicts, where prescription opioids like methadone and buprenorphine are given to addicts under the context of harm reduction.
CNS depressants, also known as tranquilizers, are the second most commonly abused class of prescription drugs. Benzodiazepines account for most of this use, with common examples including Valium, Serax and Xanax. Benzodiazepines are taken medically to treat anxiety and sleep disorders, with people also abusing these drugs on a recreational basis. Benzodiazepines are cross-tolerant with other CNS depressants like alcohol and barbiturates, with overdose and even death possible with heavy use and particular drug combinations. Barbiturates are another commonly abused CNS depressant, with these drugs rarely taken medically but still available through the black market.
Stimulants are the third most commonly abused class of prescription medications, with these drugs taken medically to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Stimulants include dextroamphetamine drugs like Dexedrine, methylphenidate drugs such as Ritalin and Concerta, and amphetamines like Adderall. While stimulant abuse does not cause a physical-somatic alcohol and drug withdrawal syndrome, physical complications and psychological dependence can develop from long-term use.
If you or someone you love is addicted to these medications, and needs help quitting, call Dallas Drug Treatment Centers at (214) 453-5663. We can help you find prescription drug abuse treatment facilities that meet all your needs. Call us today to learn more about your options.